Latest technologies from UNR/DRIhttp://unr.testtechnologypublisher.comBe the first to know about the latest inventions and technologies available from University of Nevada, Reno and Desert Research Instituteen-USMon, 25 Sep 2017 17:01:18 GMTTue, 23 Sep 2014 13:51:04 GMT 2017, UNR/DRIRedox switches for chemical detection, extraction, purification, catalysis, and data and energy storage of Nevada, Reno researchers Dr. Masahiro Muraoka, Dr. Stephen L. Gillett (Mackay School of Mines), and Dr. Thomas W. Bell (Department of Chemistry) have developed a redox-switchable material technology comprised of a redox-active material connected by adsorption and/or chemical bonding to a semiconductor. Technology Summary Redox-switchable materials consist of a redox-active part that can have its chemical charge selectively and reversibly switched between a reduced state and an oxidized state (between positive and negative charge; hence, reduction-oxidation, or redox, switchable.)...Tue, 23 Sep 2014 13:51:04 GMTalexv@unr.edu metal oxide surface for stronger bioceramic coated implants., 19 Sep 2014 16:44:25 GMTalexv@unr.edu, Two and Three Dimensional Real Array Radar Antennas Steered and Focused Using Fast Fourier Transform Techniques, 09 Sep 2014 14:08:41 GMTalexv@unr.edu Reality Tele-mentoring (ART) Platform in laparoscopic surgery continues to evolve. Skills training outside of the operating room supplements, but does not supplant, hands-on training. Telementoring technology provides ways of training from a remote location that may augment self-directed learning with guided yet unobtrusive mentorship. Digital annotation with 2-way audio has been described as an effective telementoring method. An Augmented Reality Telementoring (ART) Platform has been developed that combines a laparoscopic training box positioned away from the surgical field that allows an expert to superimpose their in...Tue, 05 Aug 2014 15:21:06 GMTalexv@unr.edu method of controlling their self-assembly and three families of lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals with broad application, 18 Jul 2014 15:48:57 GMTalexv@unr.edu of Fuzzy Optics for Concentrating Photovoltaic applications energy has become a key component of our nation’s renewable energy plan. As such greater efficiencies are sought, through such solutions as Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV) technologies. CPV is the highly efficient method of concentrating solar light onto a specific photovoltaic (PV) cell area. The major appeal CPV has been its ability to achieve extremely high conversion efficiencies (~41%), thus attacking the industry goal of reducing the cost per watt of generating solar power. Traditional CPV solutions are mechanical and leave concerns surrounding installation costs, maintenance costs...Fri, 27 Dec 2013 10:55:28 GMTalexv@unr.edu Detection Algorithm : The cost of developing a new drug can reach $1B or more and the process can consume greater than 10 years. A major impediment to drug (and vaccine) discovery is to understand the molecular interactions between proteins involved in therapeutic and immunological targets. Current approaches to finding biological binding partners in drug discovery include lengthy biochemical screening procedures. Our approach, using computational docking runs and our own, proven successful, proprietary scoring algorithm constitutes a successful Interface Detection Algorithm and it can be used to find ...Thu, 26 Dec 2013 14:50:36 GMTalexv@unr.edu acoustic monitoring and diagnosis of combustion chamber characteristics enabling real time optimization of engine performance. research team of William Norris, John A. Kleppe, and Dana R. McPherson of University of Nevada, Reno, has developed a method for determining the internal performance characteristics of an engine during operation. Acoustic-vibrational frequencies emanating from a running engine are detected and compared to frequencies representing known operating characteristics of a correct running engine. Data is then used for adjustments or optimization of engine performance. Technology SummaryThis technology would serve to access internal performance of an engine by determining the nature of or data con...Thu, 19 Dec 2013 14:34:43 GMTalexv@unr.edu Relaxation Spectroscopy (DRS) of Nevada, Reno researcher, Nelson Publicover, of the Department of Electrical and Biomedical Engineering focusses on the development of new biosensors as well as a wide range of biomedical instrumentation and novel imaging techniques. Technology Summary Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) measures the ability of a material to polarize itself within an electromagnetic field. DRS is attractive because it can probe particle properties and interactions without the use of chemically attached dies, labels, or markers. A disadvantage of current DRS techniques is the resulting interf...Wed, 20 Nov 2013 13:32:26 GMTalexv@unr.edu Image Discrimination research team, led by Dr. Ken McGwire of the Desert Research Institute, has developed a highly interactive and informative mapping methodology that will allow you to continuously refine desired results from images used in Geomatics. Geomatics involves collecting, analyzing, and mapping geographic information that includes, but no limited to, the planning, mapping, and assessing of geographical areas for land use, transportation, forestry, mining, agricultural production, and invasive plant and water resource management. Technology Summary This technology is an interactive human/machine me...Fri, 15 Nov 2013 16:31:51 GMTalexv@unr.edu Efficiency Porous Burner Design of Nevada, Reno researcher, Chanwoo Park, of the Mechanical Engineering Department focuses on two-phase heat transfer, energy storage/conversion, electronics cooling, vehicle thermal management, combustion, and nanotechnology. Technology Summary Porous burners have been extensively studied because of their low pollutant emissions and fuel flexibility. Current radiant porous burners are less than 25% efficient, with much of the heat leaving through convection heat transfer in the form of flue gas and not being utilized. The UNR burner uses gaseous fuel (natural gas, methane, propane)...Wed, 24 Jul 2013 16:33:19 GMTalexv@unr.edu Cost, Efficient Dual Signal Amplification for Bioassays Integrated Bio-Analytical Systems Laboratory (IBASL), led by Dr. Xiaoshan Zhu, within the University of Nevada, Reno Engineering Department focuses on multi-modality bioimaging and signal amplification for biosensing. Dr. Xiaoshan Zhu has developed a dual signal amplification technique for bioassays using Zinc Sulfide nanoparticles. Technology Summary Bioassays are typically conducted to measure the effects of a substance on a living organism and are important for the development of new drugs, detecting cancer, and gauging environmental pollution. Existing methods use Cadmium Selenide (Cd...Fri, 12 Jul 2013 16:34:05 GMTalexv@unr.edu, Low Cost Nitrogen Fixation by Titanium Dioxide Glenn Miller, within the University of Nevada, Reno Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Science (NRES) focuses on the transport and transformation of organic and inorganic compounds. Dr. Miller’s lab has a long-term interest in the environmental photochemistry of organic compounds, and recently is focusing on the photolysis of pesticides on soil surfaces and in the gas phase. They are also working on a variety of projects related to contamination from mining sites, both from current precious metals mining sites and historic mines.Technology SummaryNitrogen fixation is a proce...Tue, 09 Jul 2013 12:55:00 GMTalexv@unr.edu Membrane and Polymers King Research Group, led by Benjamin King, at the University of Nevada, Reno Chemistry Department is interested in the chemistry of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHS), liquid crystals, and advanced polymers. The group takes a physical organic approach involving methods from synthetic, mechanistic, computation, theoretical, polymer, and organometallic chemistry. Technology Summary With a production of more than 200 millions of tons per year, synthetic polymers are widely used materials and can be found in many consumer products including Teflon in non-stick pans, money, and super glu...Thu, 27 Jun 2013 17:00:40 GMTalexv@unr.edu Rotary Molecular Motor of Nevada, Reno researchers, Joseph Cline and Thomas Bell, of the Department of Chemistry study the dynamics of small molecules that can be synthesized in two mirror-image forms, and have synthesized molecular-scale motors and actuators. Technology Summary Due to their proven operations and energy efficiency, biomolecular motors have emerged as candidates for power sources for artificial nanomechanical structures. These motors exhibit several disadvantages: low speed operation, poor temporal and positional control, dependence on thermal chemical reactions to rotate, a narrow and re...Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:26:56 GMTalexv@unr.edu and simulation of particle aggregates and determination of stability Hans Moosmüller and Rajan Chakrabarty of the Desert Research Institute’s Division of Atmospheric Sciences focus on physical and chemical analysis, optical properties of atmospheric aerosols, and aerosol aggregation kinetics. Technology Summary Morphology (describing the structures of compound molecules) can be an important property for particle-related applications and can be useful for bulk production of nano-materials used in pharmaceutical modeling, synthesis of tires, printer ink/toner design, etc. Accurately determining the morphology of aggregates (groups of particles) can be...Tue, 09 Apr 2013 16:38:10 GMTalexv@unr.edu Fluids, Gels, and Elastomers of Nevada, Reno researchers, Faramarz Gordaninejad and Alan Fuchs, of the Mechanical Engineering Department and Chemical Engineering Department, respectively, conduct research in the fields of vibration control of mechanical systems and structures, field-controllable electro- and magneto-rheological fluids and devices, as well as polymer materials development, and polymer based magnetic fluids. Technology Summary The UNR magneto-rheological (MR) materials include fluids, gels, and elastomers, and are made of magnetic particles suspended in a carrier material/fluid that form chains ...Mon, 11 Mar 2013 11:39:40 GMTalexv@unr.edu Fluid Damper Device design with flexible and superior damping capabilities using simple and inexpensive manufacturing Composite and Intelligent Materials Laboratory (CIML), led by Faramarz Gordaninejad, within the University of Nevada, Reno Mechanical Engineering Department focuses on the fundamental understanding of the behavior of advanced materials such as magneto-rheological fluids and magneto-rheological elastomers, as well as the study of electromechanical systems performance for various engineering applications. The CIML also designs, fabricates, and tests prototypes utilizing these materials for shock absorption and vibration control. The below covers six related patents on magneto-rheological flu...Fri, 22 Feb 2013 13:02:54 GMTalexv@unr.edu High-Speed Beam-Steering Mirror Design of Nevada, Reno researchers Nelson Publicover and John Sutko in the Department of Electrical and Biomedical Engineering and the Department of Pharmacology, respectively, conduct research in the biomedical and medical fields. Their novel design relates to a light-beam steering device whose support platform can be simultaneously rotated in two spatial directions to steer a reflected light beam. Technology Summary  Conventional methods of laser beam steering utilize physically separate mirrors mounted on two independent galvanometers (the most common beam-steering device in scanning op...Tue, 22 Jan 2013 16:34:30 GMTalexv@unr.edu Plants with Tocopherol Methyltransferase (Vitamin E), 21 Nov 2012 15:59:33 GMTalexv@unr.edu of generating high temporal and spatial resolution images using scanning microscopes, 21 Nov 2012 14:41:29 GMTalexv@unr.edu performance evaporator tube design providing increased efficiency team led by Professor Chanwoo Park at the University of Nevada, Reno’s Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sustainable Energy Lab, has developed a novel evaporator tube design that utilizes a multi-tiered effect to promote a superior efficiency and performance. Technology SummaryEvaporators are industrial devices used to concentrate solutions, particularly utilized in systems with heat sensitive components. The team’s current research is focused on developing an exceptionally efficient two-phase heat transfer closed-system design. The key aspect of this technology is the utilization of a...Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:44:38 GMTalexv@unr.edu Fluid Control Valve, 19 Oct 2012 16:58:43 GMTalexv@unr.edu indication of Amiodarone as a broad-spectrum antifungal agent, 24 Sep 2012 14:49:28 GMTalexv@unr.edu Power-Density Plane-Surface Heating Element flat-plate heating elements consist of a resistive element that is encapsulated in electrical insulation. With application of electrical power, current flows in the resistive element, generating heat. The resistive element temperature rises and heat is conducted across the insulation. At high power-density, the low thermal conductance of the insulation causes the resistive element to reach unacceptably high temperatures, and this limits performance. Consequently, power densities are generally limited to less than 50W/cm2 surface area. The High Power-Density Plane-Surface H...Tue, 24 Jul 2012 09:30:40 GMTalexv@unr.edu of selective conjugation without unwanted cross-linking there have been continuous efforts to improve various aspects of the assays that are commonly used in clinical medicine and research laboratories, there still exists a problem of preparing a large quantity of an analyte-enzyme conjugate of high purity by a simple and efficient process. This invention is an improved process of selectively preparing a conjugate of an analyte-enzyme without generating undesired multimers of the enzyme. The invention involves blocking the carboxyl functional groups of an enzyme which would normally be responsible for enzyme-enzyme cross linking. Th...Fri, 25 May 2012 15:47:31 GMTalexv@unr.edu human/robot coordinated joint motion control architecture for application in unstructured environments involving iterative or repetitive tasks used in the manufacturing industry cannot be aptly applied in machinery operations that require complex operations and variable tasks or a changing environment that is unstructured and requires on-going adjustment. University of Nevada, Reno's Coordinated Joint Motion Control (JMC) architecture allows for artificial intelligence enhanced computerized control of a variety of machines from small robotics to heavy equipment such as large excavators. Using the novel JMC architecture, the human operator retains the master control of the main motion parameters, while the computer coo...Mon, 23 Apr 2012 11:06:54 GMTalexv@unr.edu reaction for making nitrogen-containing 7-membered heterocyclic compounds in the Jeffrey laboratory at UNR is focused on addressing important, unmet challenges in target directed synthesis. Areas of research are identified using a synergistic approach where (1) inspiration from structurally and biologically interesting molecular targets drives reaction discovery, and (2) innovation in methodology enables new strategies for target-directed synthesis.Areas of research in the Jeffrey laboratory are focused on the development of new methods/strategies to generate and control electrophilic nitrogen species that will enable the direct functionalization of alkenes...Wed, 04 Apr 2012 09:50:01 GMTalexv@unr.edu fluorescence quenching label design for sensing unlabelled oligonucleotides with the common approach that employs an oligonucleotide probe with a covalently linked fluorophore, the use of a fluorescently labelled universal reporter strand hybridized to an unlabelled stem-loop probe provides a more efficient approach to the fabrication of nucleic acid sensors and microarrays potentially useful for real-time analysis. Technology SummaryThis system utilizes a stem-loop probe hybridized to a fluorescently labelled universal reporter for sensing unlabelled nucleic acids. At room temperature, the probe and reporter are in the hairpin-closed form in which th...Fri, 09 Mar 2012 14:52:33 GMTalexv@unr.edu for Preparation of Carborane Anions, 02 Mar 2012 11:39:32 GMTalexv@unr.edu of Anthrax Infection by Detection of Capsular Antigen in Urine October 2001 postal anthrax attacks on the U.S. highlighted the need for fast and reliable anthrax diagnosis. Anthrax is a deadly disease resulting from exposure to the Bacillus anthracis (B. anthracis) bacteria. Pulmonary anthrax is the most deadly form of the disease and caused by breathing in B. anthracis spores. In response to the terrorist attacks of 2001, Project BioShield was created by the U.S. government in 2004. As part of this program, $6 billion was set aside for a 10 year period by the Department of Homeland Security to buy next-generation countermeasures against infect...Mon, 27 Feb 2012 13:54:52 GMTalexv@unr.edu, Prevention, and Treatment of Anthrax and Other Infectious Diseases of the most pressing infectious diseases that researchers are searching to diagnose, prevent, and treat is that caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax). This disease is increasingly important to address as its bacterial spores have been used in bioterrorism, where there is the use of antibiotic resistant strains.Early diagnosis and intervention before toxin production is vital for patient survival. However, the current methods of diagnosis with bacterial cultures take 12-14 hours for a preliminary diagnosis and further testing with sophisticated assays for more definitiv...Mon, 27 Feb 2012 13:54:51 GMTalexv@unr.edu pulse width modulation for improving the performance of electronic power converters variety of algorithms for implementing random pulse width modulation (RPWM) in motor-drive power inverters have been developed. Usage of motor drives onboard the automobile is increasing rapidly with the introduction of electric, hybrid, and fuel-cell vehicles. The major benefits of RPWM relate to acoustic and electromagnetic noise, both of which are major design criteria for electric propulsion or accessory drives in an automotive application. ProblemOperation of most power electronic converters, dc-to-ac inverters in particular, is based on the principle of pulse width modulation (P...Mon, 27 Feb 2012 13:30:18 GMTalexv@unr.edu system for measuring the spatial and/or temporal quantity of particles in a gas system for measuring the spatial and/or temporal quantity of particles in a gas while avoiding background noise such as ambient solar light and dust. "Particulate matter," also known as particle pollution, is a complex mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets and has been identified as a health hazard. Particle pollution is made up of a number of components, including acids, organic chemicals, metals, and soil or dust particles. The sources of particle pollution include dust, fuel combustion, fires, vehicle emissions, industrial process (mining, chemical manufacturing),...Fri, 24 Feb 2012 17:27:07 GMTalexv@unr.edu Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) for Male Bovine Fertility Background: Genetic tests for diseases and specific traits exist for farm animals, yet none have been successfully developed to identify highly fertile male cattle. Dr. Liu has discovered a genetic marker for identifying more fertile bovine male cattle with applications in both the dairy and beef industries. Dairy cattle fertility declined steadily for both cows and sires from 1959 to 1995 and only started slowing in the late 1990s. With this, much attention has been focused on improving the Sire Conception Rate (SCR) which documents confirmed pregnancies. Artificial Insemination (AI)...Tue, 21 Feb 2012 17:19:11 GMTalexv@unr.edu Reduction/Fixation Device and Method bone fixation device combines tension wire and bone plate methods, allowing the surgeon to simultaneously reduce and fixate the fracture, thus simplifying the procedure and reducing surgery time. The design team consists of Dr. Robert C. Wang, University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, and Dr. Mohamed Trabia, University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), Department of Mechanical Engineering. For comparison, current methods of mandibular fracture reduction require reducing the fracture and then fixating it by using a bone plate; typically, this requires large inci...Fri, 10 Feb 2012 16:53:11 GMTalexv@unr.edu Boride Materials Manufacturing Graeve's technology details the manufacture of lanthanum hexaboride (LaB6) and similar hexaboride powders. These finely dispersed hexaboride particles prove superior for use in manufacturing since they are highly unagglomerated. The manufacturing technology for hexaborides in this patent application are less expensive than other manufacturing methods and has many potential market applications including high temperature ceramics and energy efficient windows. The fine dispersion of this material in ceramics will help avoid the incidence of cracking and the spread of cracks in high hea...Fri, 10 Feb 2012 15:17:03 GMTalexv@unr.edu for Converting Carbon Dioxide to an Organic Compound nanotube technology is used to efficiently convert carbon dioxide to methanol and dimethyl ether (DME), a green fuel with numerous uses such as power production, fueling vehicles and in-home use. DME produces very low emissions, has high fuel economy and has been targeted as an excellent fuel for combustion engines and fuel cells. Utilities can use this technology to not only reduce CO2 levels and produce green fuels, but return heat to the power generation system. It has also been approved as a fuel source for gas turbines by the major manufacturers in this market space. A sizeab...Fri, 10 Feb 2012 14:49:04 GMTalexv@unr.edu Cell for Hydrogen Generation using Titanium Oxide Nanotubes, 10 Feb 2012 14:49:04 GMTalexv@unr.edu Dioxide Solar Cells, roughly 90% of the photovoltaic market is dominated by single-junction solar cells constructed with silicon wafers. The drawback to these silicon-based solar cells is the cost of the silicon and cost of manufacturing. Recently, researchers have explored other types of solar cells such as dye-sensitive solar cells (DSSC). DSSC’s are made with low-cost materials and do not need elaborate apparatus to manufacture. They can be engineered into flexible sheets and is mechanically robust, requiring no protection from minor events like hail or tree strikes. TiO2 (titanium dioxide) nanotu...Fri, 10 Feb 2012 13:49:43 GMTalexv@unr.edu Biofuels fuel from spent coffee grounds is an attractive option compared to conventional food sources such as corn and soybean which tend to drive up commodity prices and reduce the available food supply. World coffee production is estimated to hit 18.3 billion pounds in 2009, up from roughly 16.3 billion pounds in 2006 according to a December 2008 USDA commodities report. Current coffee consumption can add approximately 340 million gallons of biodiesel to the world’s fuel supply. If only 50% of the spent coffee grounds were recaptured, an estimated $3/gallon worldwide average would le...Fri, 10 Feb 2012 13:49:42 GMTalexv@unr.edu Power from Wastewater Sludge U.S. generates 8 million dry metric tons of sludge each year. The costs of disposing this sludge are roughly $2 billion dollars annually and the EPA spends about 1/5th of their budget ($1.4 billion dollars) on wastewater management. For individual wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), ‘dewatering’ the sludge is one of the primary operating costs. This, combined with a renewed focus on conversion of biosolids to fuel, has led to new and innovative approaches to wastewater processing. Drs. Chuck Coronella and Victor Vasquez at the University of Nevada-Reno have come up with an alternati...Thu, 09 Feb 2012 09:13:31 GMTalexv@unr.edu Probe Design for Deep Soil Monitoring in Undisturbed Conditions determination of water content and other variables is an important aspect of most vadose zone soil monitoring programs. Real-time, continuous, in situ measurements of these variables in relatively undisturbed conditions are usually limited to shallow soil horizons. Deep soil horizons usually are investigated by one-time measurement from a core sample, installation of monitoring equipment through the walls of excavated shaft or through a permanently installed borehole. All of these installations into deep soil significantly disturb the desirable natural state. Technology Overvie...Wed, 08 Feb 2012 17:41:41 GMTalexv@unr.edu