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Ultrapure Acetonitrile: A Purification Method for the Removal of Metals
BackgroundAcetonitrile is a main solvent used in electrochemistry, electronics, semiconductor and synthesis because of its wide potential window and other chemical properties. However, the high purity acetonitrile that is commercially available contains trace metals and water as main impurities. The presence of metal ions in the solvent can interfe...
Published: 10/2/2018   |   Inventor(s): Mario Alpuche Aviles, Nelum Karunathilake, Salvador Gutierrez-Portocarrero
Category(s): Chemical
Biphasic Catalysis for Production of Hydrocarbon fuels from Biomass
Background The use of renewable fuels in aviation is important for reducing our carbon footprint. Current bio-jet fuels produced from biomass feedstocks often have low densities and low volumetric heating values, and are often still blended with petro-jet fuels to meet energy density requirements. Current methods to produce bio-jet fuels with highe...
Published: 7/26/2018   |   Inventor(s): Hongfei Lin
Category(s): Aerospace, Aviation & Transport, Chemical, Energy & Renewables, Environment & Sustainability
Compounds for Lanthanide Ion Luminescence and Singlet Oxygen Generation
BackgroundThere is ongoing research towards the development of molecules with dual applications, such as light emission, to enable tracking by luminescence imaging. Singlet oxygen is cytotoxic; thus, it has use in photodynamic therapy, agricultural plague control, such as compounds with nematocidal and larvicidal properties, and in effluent treatme...
Published: 7/25/2018   |   Inventor(s): Ana de Bettencourt-Dias, Manuel (Alex) Gracia-Nava, Katherine Johnson
Category(s): Chemical, Physical Sciences
Enhancing Kinetics of Biodiesel Production Using Morpholine
BackgroundWith the ever-growing environmental issues such as air pollution and climate change, there is increased research in the solution of minimizing the use of fossil fuels. Biofuels such as bioethanol and biodiesel have been chosen by governments to be the best possible substitutes. Because of the popularization of biofuels, there is a need f...
Published: 7/25/2018   |   Inventor(s): Dev Chidambaram, Dharshini Bala
Category(s): Environment & Sustainability, Chemical, Physical Sciences
Multifunctional Nanocomposites
Background Solar energy is one of the sustainable and increasingly popular source of energy. Bismuth titanate (Bi12 TiO20 ) (BTO) is a material which demonstrates multifunctional properties and has many uses not limited to energy conversion, energy storage, and environment. With reference to solar energy, BTO has photovoltaic applications due to...
Published: 7/16/2018   |   Inventor(s): Vaidyanathan (ravi) Subramanian, Sankaran Murugesan, York Smith
Category(s): Chemical, Energy & Renewables, Environment & Sustainability, Renewable Energy
Catalytic Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Alkyl Lactates with Solid Lewis Acids
BackgroundThe use of organic feedstocks such as cellulose, the most abundant biomass on Earth, for the production of value-added chemicals may contribute to a more sustainable economy and ecosystem. Researchers at the University of Nevada, Reno have developed a method for producing organic compounds from an organic feedstock, such as cellulosic, li...
Published: 7/5/2018   |   Inventor(s): Hongfei Lin, Lisha Yang, Xiaokun Yang
Category(s): Environment & Sustainability, Chemical
Zwitterionic Amphiphile Coated Magnetofluorescent Nanoparticles
BackgroundMagnetofluorescent nanoparticles have come more and more into the spotlight recently for their many applications in biomedical detection and application of area-specific drugs. Most conventional nanoparticles are coated with anti-fouling polyethylene glycol (PEG) in order to achieve the required bio-availability and biocompatibility. Howe...
Published: 6/26/2018   |   Inventor(s): Xiaoshan Zhu, Violeta Demillo
Category(s): Chemical
Synthesis of soluble nanographene structures by alkyne annulations
Background: This is a method of synthesis for soluble nanographene structures. These soluble nanographenes have interesting and useful optical and electronic properties that can be used in applications such as organic light emitting diodes, organic field effect transistors, sensors, and non-linear optics. These nanographenes are “soft” ...
Published: 4/3/2018   |   Inventor(s): Wesley Chalifoux
Category(s): Chemical
Bottom-Up Synthesis Of Graphene Nanoribbons
Background: Graphene has seized the interest of many researchers and scientists because of its unique electronic, thermal, mechanical, and optical properties. There is an added benefit to producing narrower strips of graphene, known as graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), because of their expanded array of uses. Researchers at the University of Nevada, R...
Published: 4/3/2018   |   Inventor(s): Wesley Chalifoux, Wenlong Yang, Kyle Sproul
Category(s): Chemical
Redox switches for chemical detection, extraction, purification, catalysis, and data and energy storage
University of Nevada, Reno researchers Dr. Masahiro Muraoka, Dr. Stephen L. Gillett (Mackay School of Mines), and Dr. Thomas W. Bell (Department of Chemistry) have developed a redox-switchable material technology comprised of a redox-active material connected by adsorption and/or chemical bonding to a semiconductor. Technology Summary Redox-switcha...
Published: 9/23/2014   |   Inventor(s): Stephen Gillett, Thomas Bell, Masahiro Muraoka
Category(s): Chemical, Electronics, Sensors & Photonics, Energy & Renewables, Environment & Sustainability, Life Sciences, Materials, Physical Sciences
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