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Internet of Things (IOT) Soil Moisture Sensor
BackgroundSoil moisture is that controls many biophysical processes important to personal and industrial applications. Maintenance of proper soil moisture levels is important as moisture levels can vary significantly over short distances and timespans. It is often necessary on a farm field or a garden to monitor soil moisture simultaneously at mult...
Published: 10/2/2018   |   Inventor(s): Sayjro Nouwakpo
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Electronics, Sensors & Photonics, Environment & Sustainability
Method and Loading Module to Mechanically Increase Pile/Drilled Shaft End Bearing Stiffness
BackgroundDrilled shafts are deep foundation elements constructed in soil to resist compressive, uplift and lateral loads. This process involves drilling a hole to a design depth, and filling the hole with reinforcing steel and concrete. Tip resistance is not usually accounted for when estimating the overall capacity of drilled shafts and bored pil...
Published: 8/2/2018   |   Inventor(s): Sherif Elfass, Gary Norris
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Construction & Built Environment, Engineering & Manufacturing, Environment & Sustainability
Deep Foundation Porewater Pressure Dissipater
BackgroundPorewater pressure, or the pressure of groundwater held within soil, rock, or gaps between particles, is an important factor in determining the stress state of soil. If the porewater pressure is increased to equal the applied soil effective stress, the soil may lose its strength and stiffness, and act more like a liquid, in a process call...
Published: 8/2/2018   |   Inventor(s): Sherif Elfass, Gary Norris
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Construction & Built Environment, Engineering & Manufacturing, Environment & Sustainability
Biphasic Catalysis for Production of Hydrocarbon fuels from Biomass
Background The use of renewable fuels in aviation is important for reducing our carbon footprint. Current bio-jet fuels produced from biomass feedstocks often have low densities and low volumetric heating values, and are often still blended with petro-jet fuels to meet energy density requirements. Current methods to produce bio-jet fuels with highe...
Published: 7/26/2018   |   Inventor(s): Hongfei Lin
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Aerospace, Aviation & Transport, Chemical, Energy & Renewables, Environment & Sustainability
Enhancing Kinetics of Biodiesel Production Using Morpholine
BackgroundWith the ever-growing environmental issues such as air pollution and climate change, there is increased research in the solution of minimizing the use of fossil fuels. Biofuels such as bioethanol and biodiesel have been chosen by governments to be the best possible substitutes. Because of the popularization of biofuels, there is a need f...
Published: 7/25/2018   |   Inventor(s): Dev Chidambaram, Dharshini Bala
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Environment & Sustainability, Chemical, Physical Sciences
Multifunctional Nanocomposites
Background Solar energy is one of the sustainable and increasingly popular source of energy. Bismuth titanate (Bi12 TiO20 ) (BTO) is a material which demonstrates multifunctional properties and has many uses not limited to energy conversion, energy storage, and environment. With reference to solar energy, BTO has photovoltaic applications due to...
Published: 7/16/2018   |   Inventor(s): Vaidyanathan (ravi) Subramanian, Sankaran Murugesan, York Smith
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Chemical, Energy & Renewables, Environment & Sustainability, Renewable Energy
Catalytic Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Alkyl Lactates with Solid Lewis Acids
BackgroundThe use of organic feedstocks such as cellulose, the most abundant biomass on Earth, for the production of value-added chemicals may contribute to a more sustainable economy and ecosystem. Researchers at the University of Nevada, Reno have developed a method for producing organic compounds from an organic feedstock, such as cellulosic, li...
Published: 7/5/2018   |   Inventor(s): Hongfei Lin, Lisha Yang, Xiaokun Yang
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Environment & Sustainability, Chemical
Nanostructure Boride Materials Manufacturing
Background Boride compounds have proven to be essential for myriad applications such as reinforcing phases in metal–matrix composites and armor materials. Using a process of Combustion Synthesis, Boron can also be combined with metal to create Lanthanum hexaboride. DescriptionDr. Graeve's technology details the manufacture of lanthanum hexabo...
Published: 7/5/2018   |   Inventor(s): Olivia Graeve, Raghunath Kanakala, Gabriel RojaS-George
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Construction & Built Environment, Engineering & Manufacturing, Environment & Sustainability
Osmotically Assisted Desalination Method and System
Background: Water is a necessity of life. With one in nine people lacking access to safe water, the need for efficient methods for treating water are at an all-time high. Current processes for the desalination of saline water have many disadvantages such as being very energy intensive, having limited water recovery, and costing a lot of money. ...
Published: 4/3/2018   |   Inventor(s): Tzahi Cath, Amy Childress, Andrea Achilli
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Environment & Sustainability
Combined Membrane-Distillation-Forward-Osmosis System for Water Purification
Background Water is a necessity of life. With one in nine people lacking access to safe water, the need for efficient methods for treating water are at an all-time high. Current processes for the desalination of saline water have many disadvantages such as being very energy intensive, having limited water recovery, and costing a lot of money. Be...
Published: 4/3/2018   |   Inventor(s): Tzahi Cath, Amy Childress, Christopher Martinetti
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Environment & Sustainability
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